The history of Formula 1 goes back to 1950 when for the first time the complete cycle of Grand Prix races was organized and in which the drivers had to comply with specific rules and technical requirements. The person who then had the highest number of points at the end of the season became the world champion. It was a time when the race was dominated by the factory teams, who had access to technology with which the cars could be built. The history of Formula 1 goes back to 1950 when for the first time the complete cycle of Grand Prix races was organized and in which the drivers had to comply with specific rules and technical requirements.
The person who then had the highest number of points at the end of the season became world champion. It was a time when the race was dominated by the factory teams, who had access to technology with which the cars could be built. Paradoxically, in the beginning it was not at all about the fastest possible development of the technique and the first world champion Juan Manuel Fangio won his title in a pre-war Alfa Romeo 158, in which he had to share his victories with only his teammate Giuseppe Fariną.
The Alfa 158 was the first champion in Formula 1 and the car construction was 13 years old at that time. Those were times when the drivers were considered real heroes, who finished soaking in dirty oil and soaked in the rain, which were catapulted on the straights with enormous speeds in constructions that were then several decades old. In the 1950s to 1953, in the Formula 1 tires were used by four manufacturers: Pirelli, Firestone, Dunlop and Englebert. On the rubber of Pirelli the championships were won, and from the other brands only a few races were won with Firestone. In 1954 the regulations were changed and Continental and Avon were allowed to become the king of motorsport.
Engines in the middle the wider tires
At the end of the 1950s, it turned out that the construction of cars with the engine at the front slowly became out of date. Races were increasingly won by cars with the engine behind the driver's back. In the period from 1958 to 1965 Dunlop took the forefront and even became one of the suppliers of the king of motorsports. At that time the wheels became bigger and the tires became wider and wider. Technically, however, they still resembled those of the previous decade. At the end of the '60s, one of the best cars was the Lotus 49. This car won 12 races and was 23 times on the podium, which gave Lotus two championship titles in the factory class in 1968 and 1970. The Lotus 49 used tires from Firestone and Dunlop depending on the period. Initially in this period, 8-inch tires were used on the front axle, which was replaced by 12-inch-wide rubber in a later period. This was more than 30 cm wide and therefore almost twice broader than the tread with which Fangio won his first title in F1.
Slicks and the revolution in the grip
In 1971, for the first time, tires of the type slick appeared completely without grooves. Smooth tires provide an ideal grip on dry roads and provide the best lap times, far better performing than tires with a grooved tread. It is this technology that dominated motorsport and is used successfully to this day, but in Formula 1 that was not always the case. It was at the end of the 70s, to be exact 1978 when Carlos Reutemann won the Grand Prix of Brazil behind the wheel of a Ferrari 312T2. It was the first victory in Formula 1 on Michelin radial tires, which were used in the F1 since 1977. The construction of radial tires differs from the previously used diagonal tires.
Characteristic is the wire mesh of fine steel cables. In Formula 1, this type of construction offers the possibility to withstand greater transverse forces, more grip on wet roads and, above all, better contact with the road in curves. As early as 1979 Jody Schekter won the first title on radial tires with a modernized version of the Ferrari 312T4. Only four years later, on the occasion of the Grand Prix of Monaco in 1983, Goodyear introduced the first rain and radial tire. In this period the tire technology has the most development and at the same time it was the time that Goodyear dominated, which a year later presented their radial tires.
The brand won everything that could and in the end, they became the only tire supplier to the king of motorsport until 1997. With short interruptions, this took Goodyear almost more than 25 years. In 1985, the use of tire warmers was allowed in Formula 1. These are special tire covers, which keep the tires at the right temperature. Even just before the start when the tires are fitted to the car, tire covers are used to preserve the high tire temperature as long as possible. Reheating tires is very important and it is now believed that tires achieve their optimal driving characteristics at a tire temperature between 70 and 90 degrees. However, all this depends on the rubber composition of the wear layer. Tires with a softer composition heat up faster and provide more grips, but wear out faster. The harder compositions resist more rounds, but cannot deliver the other good performances.
Goodyear Dunlop Tyres UK
Dunlop is a brand of tyres owned by various companies around the world. Founded by pneumatic tyre pioneer John Boyd Dunlop in Birmingham, England in 1889 and is a very popular range of tyres used by Local Coventry Limo Hire Company on some of their car in the fleet.
Return of tires with profile and the development of aerodynamics
At the end of the 1990s, Formula 1 ended the era of slicks and Goodyear. Despite protests from the then champions - Damon Hill and Jacques Villeneuve - tires were introduced with a grooved tread. When for the season in 1999 the new rules were announced that specifically demanded that the front tires had 3 grooves and the rear tires had 4 grooves, Goodyear ended the cooperation in Formula 1. It was the beginning of the era of Bridgestone and Michelin and thereby a very intensive development of aerodynamics, which had to focus on reducing the loss of grip in the corners. Ferrari and Michael Schumacher at the head of the new tires had the best adaptation and the years 1999 to 2004 were the period in which the Italian stable dominated. The F1 history shows that when changing a leading tire supplier or after improvement of tire technology, the classification leader often changes. This happened in the years 2005 - 2006 when Ferrari and Schumacher were defeated and Fernando Alonso won two national titles behind the wheel of a Renault. In the 2005 season at the Grand Prix of the United States, a loud protest from the drivers was also linked to tires. It was the only year in which it was forbidden to change tires during the race, and if the weather conditions did not change, the driver had a set of tires for the entire track.
Return of slicks and modern times
In 2008 it was concluded that it was time for major changes. The development of aerodynamics led Formula 1 in a dead end. It became very difficult to overtake other drivers; it was difficult to drive close to another car, which generated a gigantic high pressure with simultaneously a rough airflow behind the rear wing. As a result, it was decided that from 2009 the F1 cars will switch from aerodynamic grip to mechanical grip, which ensured the return of slicks. Bridgestone delivered the tires for two years until 2011 when the Italian company Pirelli was contracted to deliver tires for Formula 1. In the 2017 season, there was a small revolution in the king of motorsport through the arrival of completely new tires. The front tires were widened from 245 mm to 305 mm and the rear tires grew from 325 to 405 mm.
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